Total body weight within the recommended range would indicate a healthy body status, provided the correct LEAN/FAT proportions are maintained. Body composition assessment is a better indicator of your true physical condition than body weight since the same volume of muscle tissue and fat tissue do not weigh the same. Body composition defines the QUALITY of your weight. Fat weight - NOT total weight - determines health risk.
The general rule is, the lower the BP, the lower the risk of blood pressure contributing to Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). SYSTOLIC BP may increase due to the hardening or narrowing of the artery walls caused by deposits of minerals and fatty materials within the walls. This may arise from a poor diet and lack of exercise. If your body is subjected to stress or hypertension for long periods of time, the DIASTOLIC pressure may be elevated above 100 mm/Hg. This can eventually lead to heart failure, where the heart is unable to maintain its pumping ability, or a stroke, a condition in which brittle vessels burst and cut off the blood supply to vital organs in the body. Stress and hypertension may be directly controlled in the following ways: lose any excess or unnecessary body fat, stop smoking if you are a smoker, alcohol consumption, reduce salt intake. Both systolic and diastolic pressure may be significantly lowered with a regular program of exercise. Have your blood pressure checked regularly, as it can change without symptoms. This is especially true if you have a family history of high blood pressure or strokes.
Generally, the lower the heart beat rate at rest, the healthier the heart and the better condition you are in. The resting heart rate declines as you become fitter and is an easy way to measure progress when embarking on an exercise program. Monitoring your heart rate therefore, is widely accepted as a good practice for measuring the intensity of your workout level during aerobic activities. Ideally, exercise should raise your heart rate to a certain level, called the TARGET HEART RATE, and keep it there for a minimum of twenty minutes in order to burn excess fat and contribute significantly to cardiovascular fitness. By so doing you will achieve the maximum health benefits for your body. Your heart rate during exercise will increase and should, in normal circumstances, be maintained within the target range of 60% - 85%of your MAXIMUM HEART RATE (MHR)continuously during the exercise program. As a general rule, MHR is approximately 220 beats per minute minus the person's age.
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance in the blood necessary for the many functions in the body. The body manufactures all of the cholesterol that it needs, chiefly in the liver. However, an excessive amount, derived from a diet high in cholesterol and other fats, and physical inactivity, may increase the risk of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) A favourable body composition result (i.e. low body fat) does not necessarily mean that the cholesterol level will be normal. A LOW total cholesterol level is desirable. A combination of regular exercise and sensible dietary habits may achieve this desired result.
Glucose, or commonly called sugar, is an important energy source that is needed by all the cells and organs of our bodies. Some examples are our muscles and our brain. Glucose or sugar comes from the food we eat. Carbohydrates such as fruit, bread pasta and cereals are common sources of glucose. These foods are broken down into sugar in our stomachs, and then absorbed into the bloodstream. Normal glucose levels are typically less than 100 milligrams per decilitre, in the morning, when you first wake up, or before eating. We call this the fasting blood glucose or the sugar level. Normal glucose levels 1 to 2 hours after eating are typically less than 140. For the majority of healthy individuals, normal blood sugar levels are as follows between 4.0 to 6.0 mmol/L (72 to 108 mg/dL) when fasting and up to 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL) 2 hours after eating. For people with diabetes, blood sugar level targets are. Before meals 4 to 7 mmol/L for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and after meals under 9 mmol/L for people with type 1 diabetes and under 8.5mmol/L for people with type 2 diabetes.
Your waist to hip circumference ratio is an indication of the distribution of your body fat. There is now growing evidence that the waist-to-hip girth ratio is significantly associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). Where the waist circumference equals or exceeds the hip circumference, the risk of CHD increases significantly. The ratio therefore distinguishes between fatness in the upper trunk (waist and abdomen areas) and fatness in the lower trunk (hip and buttocks). Too much fat in the upper trunk area produces a high ratio. Individuals with high levels of both overall body fat and upper trunk area, are at highest risk of CHD. The risk of CHD for women is generally much lower, at least until after menopause, compared to men.
This is a group of tests and health factors that have been proven to indicate a person's chance of having a cardiovascular event such as a heart attack or stroke. They have been refined to indicate the degree of risk, slight, moderate, or high. The most important indicators for cardiac risk are those of a person's personal health and lifestyle. These include, age, family history, weight, cigarette smoking, blood pressure, diet, exercise, physical activity and Diabetes. If your results show a significant risk of developing heart disease, we carefully design your programme to work on the most avoidable factors to reduce this risk. The follow up assessment is essential in this case, examining individual progress.